Location: Karnagio, Limassol
The Lambousa fishing boat is considered a unique historical fishing boat of modern Cyprus culture with rich activity in the eastern Mediterranean waters. The Lambousa fishing vessel, originally named Omonia, was built at Perama, Piraeus in 1955 by Dimitrios Zacharias. It was given the name Lambousa when it arrived at the Famagusta port in 1965. The boat was used for fishing in the Mediterranean Sea for 50 years and is a 25-metre vessel with a 48-ton capacity and a top speed of 10 knots.
The boat was then restored to its original state, and it was used during summer for organized visits with the aim of informing the public about fishing and maritime history and traditions of Limassol and Cyprus. During summer it was anchored at â€˜Molosâ€™ (Multifunctional seaside park), Limassol and in the winter, it was kept at the old harbour. The boat was repaired with European funding. Today, it is once again located at the Karnagio area in Limassol,for external and internal improvement works.
Lambousa is one the last traditional fishing boats in Cyprus. Its type is no longer built neither in Cyprus or Greece. The boat was in active service until 2004, when it was given to Limassol Municipality by the Fisheries Department, following the governmentâ€™s decision to withdraw several vessels to protect marine life (Î Î»Î¿Î¹Î¬ÏÎ¹Î¿, â€˜Î›Î¬Î¼Ï€Î¿Ï…ÏƒÎ±â€™, n.d.). It is a representative example of the Greek shipbuilding tradition and an heirloom, a living reminder of the history of Cypriot fishing. Its rescue is a very important milestone in the field of digital cultural heritage, especially because, according to the Regulation (EU) No 508/2014 â€“ the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund, certain fishing boats should now be destroyed. The historic fishing boat â€˜Lambousaâ€™, which is property of the Limassol Municipality and one of Limassolâ€™s popular visitable attraction has been docked for the past few years in a corner of the Karnagio shipyard, where it is eaten away by sea salt and weather conditions.
Lambousa was chosen as a case study in the MNEMOSYNE project because it is the oldest existing fishing boat on the island and a unique and important landmark in the contemporary history of the island. It is worth noting that the Municipality of Limassol requested from the Laboratory to holistically document the fishing boat, in order to digitise, protect and preserve it in history using its advanced technology. This commission was part of a long-standing collaboration between the DHRLab and the Municipality of Limassol, in the context of the MNEMOSYNE project.
Fishing boats have continued to be the major product of boatyards throughout the 20th century. Unique instances of the Greek boatbuilding history were lost in the late 1980s because of the adoption of the EU law on the reduction of the fishing fleet, dealing a serious blow to the maritime cultural legacy. Thousands of wooden fishing boats have been destroyed as a result of excessive subsidies for their demolition in the context of the renewal of the fishing fleet, which have persisted from all subsequent European Regulations in the programming periods that followed until the present. These subsidies were also accompanied by a lack of interest in calling for the preservation of traditional fishing vessels.
The case study of Lambousa allowed the ERA team members to work on the digitization through 3D photogrammetric measurements of a vessel in the framework of the MNEMOSYNE project. The vessel is of unique importance to the Municipality of Limassol and the residents of the city. As a first step, the MNEMOSYNE research team made some attempts through the 3D photogrammetry to the exterior (Capture date-18/10/2022) and interior (Capture date-11/12/2022) of the vessel. MNEMOSYNE research group focused on the digital reconstruction of the fishing boat using photogrammetry. With the help of the processed photos, a three-dimensional model was created with the assistance of the softwares â€˜Reality Capture version 1.2â€™ and â€˜3D Max 2022â€™, of which the following angles of the Lambousa fishing boat can be seen.
Estimation of Complexity & Quality based on EU 3D Study/VIGIE 2020/654